|Among other things, the 2nd century brought forth the Greek historian, Plutarch, the invention of paper and the first recorded event of fly-fishing. Since that time, various improvements and techniques spread throughout countries and fly fishers. Today, countless others continue to be lured in by the challenges and rewards of fly-fishing and the battle of wits between fisherman and fish continues.Since Roman Claudius Aelianus cast his first artificial fly many centuries ago, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fly_fishing] anglers have been perfecting their techniques and fly fishing flies in hopes to outwit their target. Wading through rivers and shallow streams, the solitary sport requires the fly to mimic an insect in both appearance and movement. The unsuspecting fish strikes its prey only to be captured by a hook.The process seems simple enough; however, additional factors need to be considered. Fly fishing is about patience and skill. The first requires discipline and the latter, practice and the right tools. First, the angler must consider which type of fly-fishing flies to use dry or nymph.Dry fly fishing utilizes flies that float. Because the fly is above water, the interested trout must surface for its snack so that the fly angler witnesses the surface strike. With a nymph fly, the fly is weighted so that hungry trout can strike below where they normally feed.Once the method is chosen, the next step is choosing the type of fly. There are numerous selections, but the biggest categories are between fresh or salt-water flies.With fresh water flies for fly fishing, it is best to use the lightest tackle possible. It is actually easier to use heavier tackle as the fish can simply be pulled to the shore. However, most prefer the sport of fishing and thereby create a greater challenge for themselves by using a lighter tackle.Saltwater fly-fishing utilizes saltwater flies and heavier tackle than freshwater fishing. These heavier tools are necessary to catch more powerful and heavier fish. In addition, the hooks associated with the saltwater fly-fishing need to be resistant to corrosion and durable. Another difference is the use of a boat. Fresh water fishing is typically done by a shoreline, but saltwater fly-fishing uses a boat as the fish are found at a deeper depth and are more challenging to catch.